- English Language Arts (K)
The TCPS Kindergarten English Language Arts curriculum is broken down into eight instructional units:
- All About Me
- Family and Cultural Traditions
- Healthy Me
- Spring on the Farm
- Animals and Insects
- Oceans and Water
In each of these units, instruction will integrate all four of the language arts (Speaking/Listening, Language, Reading and Writing) in developmentally appropriate instructional activities to support young children’s learning.
Students will begin to learn foundational skills appropriate for emerging readers and writers. In the foundational skills, instruction will focus on:
- how text is tracked from left to right and top to bottom
- how words represent ideas and are separated with spaces when written
- letters in our alphabet and the most regular sounds they make
- basic sight vocabulary
- hearing, putting together (for reading) and taking apart (for writing) the sounds in words starting with larger chunks (sentences, words) and move to smaller chunks (syllables, onset/rime, and individual sounds)
- begin to apply knowledge of letters and sounds to reading words and syllables in text appropriate to emerging readers
Through read alouds and emerging readers, students will begin to develop their understanding of how literary and informational texts convey ideas by:
- asking and answering questions about a text
- exploring how illustrations and graphics convey meaning
- retelling key ideas in a text
- making connections between ideas and events in a text
- exploring words used by an author and what they mean
- how different authors write about the same topic
Students will learn the art of speaking and listening through conversations with their peers to demonstrate understanding. They will also develop their own abilities to share ideas in a way that they can be heard, to enhance their own presentations with drawings, and to talk about familiar things in detail to convey their own ideas and information.
Early writing begins to develop along with early reading skills. Students in Kindergarten will begin to build their writing and written language skills. Writing and language instruction will focus on:
- learning how to form letters and match those letters to sounds in writing
- learning how sentences work and the function of some words within them
- create shared pieces as a class, assisting the teacher with expanding ideas and providing details
- expressing opinions about specific topics
- share ideas they are learning with others
- writing stories and poems
- draw/write/dictate pieces of their own using developmental spelling
- learn and begin to use beginning capital letters and end punctuation
- use words and phrases discussed in classroom activities in their writing and continue to develop their own oral vocabulary
- Mathematics (K)
In Kindergarten Mathematics, instructional time should focus on two critical areas:
- Representing, relating, and operating on whole numbers, initially with sets of objects
- Describing shapes and space.
- More learning time in Kindergarten should be devoted to numbers than to other topics.
- Science (K)
Students receive two semesters of instruction in the fields of Earth Science, Life Science, Chemistry, Physics, and Environmental Science each year based on objectives found in the Maryland Voluntary State Curriculum. The voluntary state curriculum may be viewed at http://www.mdk12.org/instruction/curriculum/science/index.html.
- Investigate objects and materials in the environment.
- Observe celestial objects that are visible in the day and night sky.
- Investigate and gather information about changes in weather.
- Observe a variety of familiar animals and plants (perhaps on the school grounds, in the neighborhood, and at home) to discover similarities and differences among them.
- Gather information and direct evidence that humans have external features that can differ in size, shape, etc. but that they are more like other humans than like other animals
- Observe, describe and compare the life cycles of different kinds of animals and plants.
- Develop an awareness of the relationship of features of living things and their ability to satisfy basic needs that support their growth and survival.
- Investigate a variety of familiar places where plants and animals live to describe the place and the living things found there.
- Compare the observable properties of a variety of objects and the materials they are made of using evidence from investigations.
- Compare the different ways objects move.
- Explain that there must be a cause for changes in the motion of an object.
- Describe that sunlight warms the land, air, and water using observations and age appropriate tools.
- Observe and describe that sound is produced by vibrating objects.
- Identify aspects of the environment that are made by humans and those that are not made by humans.
- Social Studies (K)
Students in all kindergarten classes will explore the world around them and what it means to be a part of the classroom. Expectations will be shared, as students see the importance of sharing and getting along with others. Through various explorations, students will learn about why everyone is important to the whole group. Students will use teacher-created units along with “Map Essentials”, a National Geographic Publication, that explores the world around them in grades K-6.
- Art (K)
Students in Kindergarten art will experience a variety of concepts and skills, as they progress through the MSDE art standards. Creating numerous hands-on experiences, students will see the relationship between color, texture, value form and design. MSDE Art Standards include:
- Historical, Cultural and Social Expression
- Perceving and Responding
- Creative Expression
- Aesthetics and Criticism
- Health (K)
Health Education is designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills they need to be healthy throughout their lifetimes. Talbot County Public Schools' curriculum meets standards established by the Maryland State Board of Education, and described in the Maryland Health Education State Curriculum. Maryland's curriculum guidelines can be examined on the MSDE website.
The specific Kindergarten standards can be examined on the Maryland Health Curriculum website.
- Health education focuses on seven key areas:
- Mental and Emotional Health
- Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs
- Personal and Consumer Health
- Family Life and Human Sexuality
- Safety and Injury Prevention
- Nutrition and Fitness
- Disease Prevention and Control
Core Health Textbook:
Health & Wellness by Linda Meeks and Philip Heit. Macmillan/McGraw-Hill, 2008.
- Music (K)
Students in Kindergarten will have a music experience that is age and grade level appropriate and that follows the MSDE Music curriculum standards. The approved text, for Kindergarten instruction, is "Share the Music."
MSDE Music standards include:
- Perceiving, Performing and Responding
- Historical, Cultural and Social Context
- Creative Expression and Production
- Aesthetics and Criticism
Resources for classroom instruction are taken from "Share the Music" http://www.mhschool.com/products/music/2003/core_r...
- Physical Education (K)
Kindergarten Physical Education is based on the Maryland State Department of Education approved curriculum that may be found on the MSDE website.
Maryland Curriculum Framework Standards include:
Skillfulness, Biomechanical Principles, Motor Learning Principles, Exercise Physiology, Physical Activity and Social-Psychological Principles
Course Key Learnings/Exit Outcomes:
- The student will self toss and catch a ball with one bounce.
- The student will demonstrate moving forward, backward and sideways.
- The student will show basic motor skills using imitation.
- The student will identify 2 effects of physical activity on the body.
- The student will identify examples of aerobic activities.
- The student will show appropriate personal space.